Ghulam Mohammed


Popular As: Ghulam Mohammed 
Birth: 1903
Death: 17th March 1968 
1st Film: Baanke Sipahi
Last Film: Pakeezah
Work Span: 1936 - 1970

Once Sahir Ludhiyanvi wrote "Yeh Basti Hai Murda paraston Ki Basti". Throughout life man live with the hope of getting his desires fulfilled, but till the end he achieves nothing and it is after his death only that people realize his worth. Music director Ghulam Mohammed also faced the same destiny. Throughout his life he served music, but in return of nothing. He became a victim of the dirty politics of Hindi cinema.

Till today the songs of Paakeejah sound like a fresh breeze of air to music lovers. Songs like 'Chalo Dildaar Chalo..', 'Inhi Logon Ne Le Leena..' and 'Chalte Chalte..' have been listeners' all time favourites. Mohammed's music in Paakeejah achieved a record breaking success.

Ghulam Mohammed inherited music from his forefathers. His father Nabi Baksh was a Tabla maestro. Both father and son together gave countless performances in Albert Theatre. No sooner Mohammed got a job in Albert Theatre than the financial condition of the theatre deteriorated, and he lost his job. Next he got himself in a company's orchestra group. At last, in 1924, Ghulam Mohammed came to Bombay. After a long struggle of eight years, in 1932 he finally got the chance of playing table in Saroj Movietone's Productions' "Raja Bharthari". His performance was highly appreciated and he became a popular name. He worked with great music directors like Anil Biswaas and Naushad. From 'Sanjog' to 'Aan' he worked as an assistant to Naushad. His tabla and dholak became the speciality of Naushad's music.

After 'Aan', Ghulam started working independently. With films like 'Paaras', 'Mera Khwaab', 'Tiger Queen' and 'Doli' Ghulam Mohammed won a place for himself in cine world. 'Pagdi', 'Pardes', 'Naazneen', 'Gauher', 'Rail Ka Dibba', Hoor-e-Arab', ' Sitara' and 'Dil-e-Naadan' are some other movies to be added to his account. If we cast a cursory glance at his compositions we'll find repetations in his tunes, but on listening seriously we do come across their special features. Songs like 'Jahan Wale Hamen Duniya Me Kyun Paida Kiya..' from the film Kundan and 'Dil Gham Se Jal Raha Hai Par Dhuan Na Ho..' from Shama are apt enough to acknowledge his excellence.

Ghulam Mohammed took the initiative of setting the trend of playing the "Matka" as an instrument in film music. The two most popular compositions where he used the "Matka" are 'Is Dard Ki Mari Duniya Me Mujhsa Bhi Koi Majboor Na Ho..' from Paras and 'Ye Duniya Hai Yahan Dil Ka Lagana..' from Shayar.

Mohammed got the President's award for his film "Mirza Ghalib". 'Phir Mujhe Deeda-e-Tar Yaad Aaya..', 'Ishq Mujhko Nahi Vehshat Hi Sahi..' and 'Dil-e-Naadan Tujhe Hua Kya Hai..' were the most popular ghazals of Mirza Ghalib.. Composing situation friendly music was also one of the Ghulam's speciality. Songs like 'Chal Diya Caarvaan..' and 'Aasmaan Wale teri Duniya Se Jee Ghabra Gaya..' from the film Laila Majnu can be casted as an example. But at any rate, even today, compositions like 'Inhi Logon Ne..' and 'Chalo Dildar Chalo..' linger the memory of Ghulam Mohammed. The only regrettable fact is that Ghulam Mohammed's talent was acknowledged only after his death.


1Baanke Sipahi 1937  19 Ambar 1952  
2Mera Khwab 1943 20 Sheesha 1952
3Doli 1947 21 Dil-e-Naadan 1953
4Tiger Queen 1947 22 Gauhar 1953
5Grihasthi 1948 23 Hazaar Raaten 1953
6Kaajal 1948 24 Laila Majne 1953
7Pagdi 1948 25 Rail Ka Dibba 1953
8Parayee Aag 1948 26 Guzaara 1954
9Dil Ki Basti 1949 27 Mirza Ghalib 1954
10Paaras 1959 28 Hoor-e-Arab 1955
11Shaayar 1949 29 Kundan 1955
12Rasheed Dulhan 194? 30 Sitara 1955
13Hanste Aansoo 1950 31 Pak Daaman 1957
14Maang 1950 32 Maalik 1958
15Pardes 1950 33 Do Gunde 1959
16Bikhre Moti 1951 34 Shama 1961
17Naazneen 1951 35 Pakeejah 1971
18Ajeeb Ladki 1952 36 - -

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