Satyajit Ray's Aparajito (1956) won the Golden Lion at Venice Film Festival.
Chidananda Das Gupta, Satyajit Ray and others started the Indian Film Quarterly.
Khawaja Ahmad Abbas made the first Indo-Soviet co-production Pardesi.
Mehboob released Mother India which was the re-make of his earlier film Aurat.
Vijay Anand made his directorial debut with Nau Do Gyarah.
Death of film-maker Amiya Chakraborty and comedian Gope.